Flutter - The getter 'length' was called on null

Question

Asked by user9047282 on July 04, 2018 (source).

I am trying to develop a flutter app. This flutter is creating teams for a card game. After the creation of the team, the points could be counted through the, so that you don't have to think about how many points everybody has.

But I got an exception, where I know where the exception and what it means, but i do not have any clue how i could solve the problem. I hope some of you guys could help me.

This is the code where the error is thrown:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';


class Punktezaehler extends StatefulWidget{

  final List<String> spieler_namen;
  Punktezaehler(this.spieler_namen);

  @override
  State<StatefulWidget> createState() => new _Punktezaehler(this.spieler_namen);
}


class _Punktezaehler extends State<Punktezaehler>{

  final List<String> spieler_namen;
  _Punktezaehler(this.spieler_namen);

  List<int> punkteanzahl_teamEins;
  List<int> punkteanzahl_teamZwei;

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {


    var spieler1 = spieler_namen[0].substring(0,3);
    var spieler2 = spieler_namen[1].substring(0,3);
    var spieler3 = spieler_namen[2].substring(0,3);
    var spieler4 = spieler_namen[3].substring(0,3);

    return new Scaffold(
      appBar: new AppBar(
        automaticallyImplyLeading: false,
        title: new Text("$spieler1 & $spieler2 vs" +" $spieler3 & $spieler4"),
        actions: <Widget>[

        ],
      ),
      body: Container(
        child: new Row(
          children: <Widget>[
            new Column(
              children: <Widget>[
                new IconButton(
                    icon: Icon(Icons.exposure_plus_2),
                    onPressed: () => punkte_hinzuzaehlen(1, 2)
                )
              ],
            ),
            new Column(
              children: <Widget>[
                //new FlatButton(onPressed: () => print(punkteanzahl_teamEins.length), child: new Text("Punkte")),
                ListView.builder(
                  itemCount: punkteanzahl_teamEins.length, //--> Error is thrown here
                  itemBuilder: (context, index){
                    return Text(punkteanzahl_teamEins[index].toString());
                  }
                ),
                new Row()
              ],
            ),
            new Column(
              children: <Widget>[
                new IconButton(
                    icon: Icon(Icons.exposure_plus_2),
                    onPressed: () => punkte_hinzuzaehlen(2, 2)
                )],
            )
          ],
        )
      ),
    );
  }

  void punkte_hinzuzaehlen(int team, int nummer){
    if (team == 1){
      //Team 1 bekommt die Punkte
      print("Team 1 gets points");
    }
    else if(team == 2){
      //Team 2 bekommt die Punkte
      print("Team 2 gets points");
    }
  }
}

And this is the error message:

══╡ EXCEPTION CAUGHT BY GESTURE ╞═══════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════════
I/flutter (26028): The following NoSuchMethodError was thrown while handling a gesture:
I/flutter (26028): The getter 'length' was called on null.
I/flutter (26028): Receiver: null
I/flutter (26028): Tried calling: length

After the fix, I got another error:

══╡ EXCEPTION CAUGHT BY RENDERING LIBRARY ╞═════════════════════════════════════════════════════════
I/flutter (26028): The following assertion was thrown during performResize():
I/flutter (26028): Vertical viewport was given unbounded width.
I/flutter (26028): Viewports expand in the cross axis to fill their container and constrain their children to match
I/flutter (26028): their extent in the cross axis. In this case, a vertical viewport was given an unlimited amount of
I/flutter (26028): horizontal space in which to expand.

Answer

Question answered by Dhiraj S (source).

punkteanzahl_teamEins is only declared. But not initialized. So it is throwing null error.

You should assign value to punkteanzahl_teamEins as

List<int> punkteanzahl_teamEins = [1,4,5,7];

or pass data from parent as requirement.

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