How do I disable a Button in Flutter?

Question

Asked by chris84948 on March 18, 2018 (source).

I'm just starting to get the hang of Flutter, but I'm having trouble figuring out how to set the enabled state of a button.

From the docs, it says to set onPressed to null to disable a button, and give it a value to enable it. This is fine if the button continues to be in the same state for the lifecycle.

I get the impression I need to create a custom Stateful widget that will allow me to update the button's enabled state (or onPressed callback) somehow.

So my question is how would I do that? This seems like a pretty straightforward requirement, but I can't find anything in the docs on how to do it.

Thanks.

Answer

Question answered by Ashton T (source).

I think you may want to introduce some helper functions to build your button as well as a Stateful widget along with some property to key off of.

  • Use a StatefulWidget/State and create a variable to hold your condition (e.g. isButtonDisabled)
  • Set this to true initially (if that's what you desire)
  • When rendering the button, don't directly set the onPressed value to either null or some function onPressed: () {}
  • Instead, conditionally set it using a ternary or a helper function (example below)
  • Check the isButtonDisabled as part of this conditional and return either null or some function.
  • When the button is pressed (or whenever you want to disable the button) use setState(() => isButtonDisabled = true) to flip the conditional variable.
  • Flutter will call the build() method again with the new state and the button will be rendered with a null press handler and be disabled.

Here's is some more context using the Flutter counter project.

class MyHomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _MyHomePageState createState() => new _MyHomePageState();
}

class _MyHomePageState extends State<MyHomePage> {
  int _counter = 0;
  bool _isButtonDisabled;

  @override
  void initState() {
    _isButtonDisabled = false;
  }

  void _incrementCounter() {
    setState(() {
      _isButtonDisabled = true;
      _counter++;
    });
  }

  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return new Scaffold(
      appBar: new AppBar(
        title: new Text("The App"),
      ),
      body: new Center(
        child: new Column(
          mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
          children: <Widget>[
            new Text(
              'You have pushed the button this many times:',
            ),
            new Text(
              '$_counter',
              style: Theme.of(context).textTheme.display1,
            ),
            _buildCounterButton(),
          ],
        ),
      ),
    );
  }

  Widget _buildCounterButton() {
    return new RaisedButton(
      child: new Text(
        _isButtonDisabled ? "Hold on..." : "Increment"
      ),
      onPressed: _isButtonDisabled ? null : _incrementCounter,
    );
  }
}

In this example I am using an inline ternary to conditionally set the Text and onPressed, but it may be more appropriate for you to extract this into a function (you can use this same method to change the text of the button as well):

Widget _buildCounterButton() {
    return new RaisedButton(
      child: new Text(
        _isButtonDisabled ? "Hold on..." : "Increment"
      ),
      onPressed: _counterButtonPress(),
    );
  }

  Function _counterButtonPress() {
    if (_isButtonDisabled) {
      return null;
    } else {
      return () {
        // do anything else you may want to here
        _incrementCounter();
      };
    }
  }
BUTTON DART FLUTTER
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